Diamond Clarity




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Clarity refers to how many flaws, or inclusions, are in the diamond. In most cases, clarity has very little to do with the beauty of the diamonds; rather, it affects how the diamond looks under a gem microscope. To determine a diamond's clarity grade, it must be examined under 10x magnification. Diamond Clarity as graded by GIA Standards are IF, VVS, VS, SI or I in clarity. Whatever minute inclusions there may be makes each diamond unique. These are nature's fingerprints and in most cases usually do not mar the diamond's beauty nor endanger its durability. Without high magnification, these flaws are invisible. However, the fewer inclusions, the rarer your diamond will be. Generally, if a diamond is SI-2 or above, it is flawless to the naked eye. If there is even a tiny inclusion visible to the unaided eye, the stone is usually graded an I-1.  

Diamond Clarity FL & IF
Diamonds that reveal no flaws on the surface or internally. These are the rarest and most beautiful gems treasured for their absolute purity.
diamond clarity vvs VVS1 or VVS2
Diamonds with minute inclusions absolutely invisible to the naked eye. Only through careful inspection with a microscope can these tiny inclusions be accurately pinpointed. The brilliance of the stone does not suffer in this category.
VS VS1 or VS2
Diamonds with tiny inclusions difficult to locate. Only a trained eye looking through a 10X loupe can pinpoint the inclusions in this category. The inclusions are nearly impossible to see with the naked eye.
SI SI1 - SI3
Diamonds with inclusions easily identified through a loupe. Finding flaws in this category with the naked eye is difficult. The gems in this category maintain their integrity, depending on the location of the inclusions. They are an attractive choice when working within a fixed budget without sacrificing beauty or value.
Clarity I1 - I3
Diamonds with inclusions that may or may not be easily seen by the naked eye. The flaws on the stones in this category will have some effect on the brilliance of your diamond.

Viewing a Diamond using a Microscope
A jeweler engaged in the selling of fine quality diamonds should have a stereo microscope for you to view your diamond. Some stores would prefer you use a hand held small 10x loop. An untrained person will have a difficult time using this and probably not be able to see much. Ask if they have a microscope. If so, focus the microscope yourself, to adjust for your eyesight. A microscope has a very small depth of field. It is possible, with a slight adjustment to make an inclusion completely out of focus and the diamond will still appear to be clear. Move the diamond and view it at various angles to check for flaws. A microscope can be used for two reasons. The main should be to help you understand what you are buying and the other maybe to criticize your personal diamond which you purchased somewhere else. Unless you have purchased a flawless diamond and paid a very high price, your diamond and the majority of others probably have one or more inclusion. Diamonds are graded using 10X power but most diamond scopes also have a 30X power setting. Using the 30X setting will make even the slightest flaw frightening to an untrained person. Therefore, it could be used to make your personal or another stores diamond look bad. Ask what power setting is being used. Remember 10X is the grading standard.


Diamond Clarity - Common Clarity Grades are IF, VVS, VS, SI and I